There are few things hotter in business right now than direct to consumer brands – or DTCs as they are known for short – which typically specialise in making one thing really well, and then selling it directly from their own website.
DTCs offer entrepreneurs and investors the tantalising prospect of owning the entire customer experience, rather than being at the mercy of retailers who take a significant cut of every sale.
This explains how the e-commerce mattress company Casper managed to raise over $240 million in funding over the past four years in a bid to beat traditional bricks and mortar mattress stores.
It explains how Warby Parker raised almost $300 million to take on high street opticians by selling designer eyewear online.
And it explains why Unilever paid a staggering $1 billion for the online subscription business Dollar Shave Club.
Over the last few years digital DTC brands have sprung up in almost every consumer vertical imaginable – from beauty and beverages to fashion and healthcare.
Each of these new businesses is a bet that the future of retail will be less about jostling for space on shop shelves – or fighting for attention on Amazon – and more about establishing a direct relationship with loyal customers, who discover these brands through friends’ recommendations, Instagram influencers, and carefully targeted ads on social media.
And this model can work if the product is distinctively designed, solves a real problem, and occupies an as-yet underexploited niche.
But it also comes with pitfalls. Products that launch without serious backing can struggle to reach a significant audience, as advertising on social media has become increasingly competitive and expensive.
There is also some evidence of consumer fatigue. Do we really want a direct relationship with each and every product we consume? Sometimes it is just more convenient to do a big shop at the supermarket.
But DTCs with a unique value proposition and strong brand identity still have immense potential. And with $5 billion invested into online retail startups last year, according to PitchBook, there is no sign of the boom coming to an end anytime soon.